These radio Wings do not have a built-in antenna. Instead, you have three options for attaching an antenna. For most low cost radio nodes, a wire works great. If you need to put the radio into an enclosure, soldering in uFL and using a uFL to SMA adapter will let you attach an external antenna. You can also solder an SMA edge-mount connector directly
A wire antenna, aka "quarter wave whip antenna" is low cost and works very well! You just have to cut the wire down to the right length.
Cut a stranded or solid core wire the the proper length for the module/frequency
- 433 MHz - 6.5 inches, or 16.5 cm
- 868 MHz - 3.25 inches or 8.2 cm
- 915 MHz - 3 inches or 7.8 cm
Strip a mm or two off the end of the wire, tin and solder into the ANT pad.
If you want an external antenna that is a few inches away from the radio, you need to do a tiny bit more work but its not too difficult.
You'll also need a uFL to SMA adapter (or whatever adapter you need for the antenna you'll be using, SMA is the most common
Of course, you will also need an antenna of some sort, that matches your radio frequency
Check the bottom of the uFL connector, note that there's two large side pads (ground) and a little inlet pad. The other small pad is not used!
Solder in the two side pads, they are used for signal and mechanical connectivity so make sure there's plenty of solder
These strong edge connectors are used for many 'duck' antennas, and can also be panel mounted
You'll need an SMA (or, if you need RP-SMA for some reason) Edge-Mount connector with 1.6mm spacing
The SMA connector 'slides on' the top of the PCB