What We're Doing

The Metro's pins are great for directly controlling small electric items like LEDs. However, when dealing with larger items (like a toy motor or washing machine), an external transistor is required.

A transistor is incredibly useful. It switches a lot of current using a much smaller current. A transistor has 3 pins. For a negative type (NPN) transistor, you connect your load to collector and the emitter to ground. Then, when a small current flows from base to the emitter, a current will flow through the transistor and your motor will spin (this happens when we set our Metro pins high). For a more in-depth explanation about transistors, click here.

There are literally thousands of different types of transistors, allowing every situation to be perfectly matched. We have chosen a P2N2222, a rather common general purpose transistor. The important factors in our case are that its maximum voltage (40v) and its maximum current (600 milliamp) are both high enough for our toy motor (full details can be found on its datasheet).

This guide was first published on Aug 18, 2017. It was last updated on Jan 17, 2018.

This page (CIRC03: Spin Motor Spin) was last updated on Jun 13, 2017.

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