First make sure you are running the latest version of Adafruit CircuitPython for your board.

Text Editor

Adafruit recommends using the Mu editor for using your CircuitPython code with the Feather. You can get more info in this guide.

Alternatively, you can use any text editor that saves text files.

Download the Project Bundle

Your Clue Coffee Scale project will use a specific set of CircuitPython libraries, a bitmap image, fonts, a calibration method, and the code.py file. To get everything you need, click on the Download Project Bundle link below, and uncompress the .zip file.

Connect your CLUE to your computer via a known good data+power cable. Look for the CIRCUITPY drive which pops up in your Finder or File Explorer (depending on your operating system).

Drag the contents of the uncompressed bundle directory onto your Clue board's CIRCUITPY drive, replacing any existing files or directories with the same names, and adding any new ones that are necessary.

The Project Bundle contains the following folders and files:

  • clue_scale_bkg.bmp  the background bitmap image
  • clue_scale_calibrator.py  the load cell calibration program code
  • code.py  the main Coffee Scale program code
  • fonts folder:
    • Helvetica-Bold-24.bdf  font file
    • OpenSans-16.bdf  font file
    • OpenSans-9.bdf  font file
  • lib folder containing these required libraries:
    • adafruit_apds9960
    • adafruit_bitmap_font
    • adafruit_bmp280
    • adafruit_clue
    • adafruit_display_shapes
    • adafruit_display_text
    • adafruit_lis3mdl
    • adafruit_lsm6ds
    • adafruit_register
    • adafruit_sht31d
    • cedargrove_nau7802
    • neopixel
    • simpleio

The cedargrove_nau7802 library driver can also be found in the CircuitPython Community Bundle. For the curious, NAU7802 driver API information is available in Cedar Grove's Github repository.

code.py

The main CircuitPython code for the Coffee Scale is contained in the project zip folder as code.py. Copy this and all the other bundle files to the main (root) folder of the CIRCUITPY drive that appears when your Clue is connected to your computer via a known good USB cable.

Before using the scale, you'll need to update code.py with a calibration ratio that is unique to the load cell attached to the NAU7802 Stemma breakout. See the guide section, Calibrate the Load Cell for instructions. You should only have to measure and record the load cell calibration ratio once.

# SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023 Jan Goolsbey for Adafruit Industries
# SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
#
# clue_scale_code.py
# 2023-01-13 v1.2.1
#
# Clue Scale - Single Channel Version
# Adafruit NAU7802 Stemma breakout example

# import clue_scale_calibrator  # Uncomment to run calibrator method

import time
import board
from simpleio import map_range
from adafruit_clue import clue
from adafruit_display_shapes.circle import Circle
from adafruit_display_text.label import Label
from adafruit_bitmap_font import bitmap_font
import displayio
from cedargrove_nau7802 import NAU7802

clue.pixel.brightness = 0.2  # Set NeoPixel brightness
clue.pixel[0] = clue.YELLOW  # Set status indicator to yellow (initializing)

# Set Scale Defaults
MAX_GR = 100  # Maximum (full-scale) display range in grams
DEFAULT_GAIN = 128  # Default gain for internal PGA
SAMPLE_AVG = 5  # Number of sample values to average
SCALE_NAME_1 = "COFFEE"  # 6 characters maximum
SCALE_NAME_2 = "SCALE"  # 6 characters maximum

"""Enter the calibration ratio for the individual load cell in-use. The ratio is
composed of the reference weight in grams divided by the raw reading. For
example, a raw reading of 215300 for a 100 gram weight results in a calibration
ratio of 100 / 215300. Use the clue_scale_single_calibrate method to obtain the
raw value.
FYI: A US dime coin weighs 2.268 grams or 0.079 ounces."""
CALIB_RATIO = 100 / 215300  # load cell serial#4540-02

# Instantiate the Sensor and Display
i2c = board.I2C()  # uses board.SCL and board.SDA
# i2c = board.STEMMA_I2C()  # For using the built-in STEMMA QT connector on a microcontroller
nau7802 = NAU7802(i2c, address=0x2A, active_channels=1)

display = board.DISPLAY
scale_group = displayio.Group()

FONT_0 = bitmap_font.load_font("/fonts/Helvetica-Bold-24.bdf")
FONT_1 = bitmap_font.load_font("/fonts/OpenSans-16.bdf")
FONT_2 = bitmap_font.load_font("/fonts/OpenSans-9.bdf")

# Display the Background Bitmap Image
bkg = displayio.OnDiskBitmap("/clue_scale_bkg.bmp")
_background = displayio.TileGrid(bkg, pixel_shader=bkg.pixel_shader, x=0, y=0)
scale_group.append(_background)

# Define and Display the Text Labels and Graphic Elements
# Place the project name on either side of the graduated scale
scale_name_1 = Label(FONT_1, text=SCALE_NAME_1, color=clue.CYAN)
scale_name_1.anchor_point = (0.5, 0.5)
scale_name_1.anchored_position = (40, 96)
scale_group.append(scale_name_1)

scale_name_2 = Label(FONT_1, text=SCALE_NAME_2, color=clue.CYAN)
scale_name_2.anchor_point = (0.5, 0.5)
scale_name_2.anchored_position = (199, 96)
scale_group.append(scale_name_2)

# Define the zeroing button graphic
zero_button_circle = Circle(14, 152, 14, fill=None, outline=clue.RED, stroke=2)
scale_group.append(zero_button_circle)

zero_button_label = Label(FONT_1, text="Z", color=clue.RED)
zero_button_label.x = 8
zero_button_label.y = 150
scale_group.append(zero_button_label)

# Place tickmark labels next to the graduated scale
for i in range(-1, 6):
    tick_value = Label(FONT_2, text=str((MAX_GR) // 5 * i), color=clue.CYAN)
    if i == -1:
        tick_value.anchor_point = (1.0, 1.1)
    elif i == 5:
        tick_value.anchor_point = (1.0, 0.0)
    else:
        tick_value.anchor_point = (1.0, 0.5)
    tick_value.anchored_position = (99, 201 - (i * 40))
    scale_group.append(tick_value)

# Place the grams and ounces labels and values near the bottom of the display
grams_label = Label(FONT_0, text="grams", color=clue.BLUE)
grams_label.anchor_point = (1.0, 0)
grams_label.anchored_position = (80, 216)
scale_group.append(grams_label)

ounces_label = Label(FONT_0, text="ounces", color=clue.BLUE)
ounces_label.anchor_point = (1.0, 0)
ounces_label.anchored_position = (230, 216)
scale_group.append(ounces_label)

grams_value = Label(FONT_0, text="0.0", color=clue.WHITE)
grams_value.anchor_point = (1.0, 0.5)
grams_value.anchored_position = (80, 200)
scale_group.append(grams_value)

ounces_value = Label(FONT_0, text="0.00", color=clue.WHITE)
ounces_value.anchor_point = (1.0, 0.5)
ounces_value.anchored_position = (230, 200)
scale_group.append(ounces_value)

# Define the moveable indicator bubble
indicator_group = displayio.Group()
bubble = Circle(120, 200, 10, fill=clue.YELLOW, outline=clue.YELLOW, stroke=3)
indicator_group.append(bubble)

scale_group.append(indicator_group)
display.root_group = scale_group


# Helpers
def zero_channel():
    """Prepare internal amplifier settings and zero the current channel. Use
    after power-up, a new channel is selected, or to adjust for measurement
    drift. Can be used to zero the scale with a tare weight.
    The nau7802.calibrate function used here does not calibrate the load cell,
    but sets the NAU7802 internals to prepare for measuring input signals."""
    nau7802.calibrate("INTERNAL")
    nau7802.calibrate("OFFSET")


def read(samples=1):
    """Read and average consecutive raw samples; return averaged value."""
    sample_sum = 0
    sample_count = samples
    while sample_count > 0:
        if nau7802.available():
            sample_sum = sample_sum + nau7802.read()
            sample_count -= 1
    return int(sample_sum / samples)


# Activate the Sensor
# Enable the internal analog circuitry, set gain, and zero
nau7802.enable(True)
nau7802.gain = DEFAULT_GAIN
zero_channel()

# Play "welcome" tones
clue.play_tone(1660, 0.15)
clue.play_tone(1440, 0.15)

# The Primary Code Loop
# Read sensor, move bubble, and display values
while True:
    clue.pixel[0] = clue.GREEN  # Set status indicator to green (ready)

    # Read the raw scale value and scale for grams and ounces
    value = read(SAMPLE_AVG)
    mass_grams = round(value * CALIB_RATIO, 1)
    mass_ounces = round(mass_grams * 0.03527, 2)
    grams_value.text = f"{mass_grams:5.1f}"
    ounces_value.text = f"{mass_ounces:5.2f}"
    print(f" {mass_grams:5.1f} grams   {mass_ounces:5.2f} ounces")

    # Reposition the indicator bubble based on grams value
    min_gr = (MAX_GR // 5) * -1  # Minimum display value
    bubble.y = int(map_range(mass_grams, min_gr, MAX_GR, 240, 0)) - 10
    if mass_grams > MAX_GR or mass_grams < min_gr:
        bubble.fill = clue.RED
    else:
        bubble.fill = None

    # Check to see if the zeroing button is pressed
    if clue.button_a:
        # Zero the sensor
        clue.pixel[0] = clue.RED  # Set status indicator to red (stopped)
        bubble.fill = clue.RED  # Set bubble center to red (stopped)
        clue.play_tone(1660, 0.3)  # Play "button pressed" tone

        zero_channel()

        while clue.button_a:
            # Wait until the button is released
            time.sleep(0.1)

        clue.play_tone(1440, 0.5)  # Play "reset completed" tone
        bubble.fill = None  # Set bubble center to transparent (ready)

This guide was first published on Aug 17, 2022. It was last updated on Jun 18, 2024.

This page (Code the Coffee Scale) was last updated on Jun 18, 2024.

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