Set RTC Time

Now that we have the module wired up and verified that you can see the module with i2cdetect, we can set up the module.

Raspbian Jessie (Systemd)

Thanks to kd8twg for the hints!

You can add support for the RTC by adding a device tree overlay. Run

sudo nano /etc/config.txt

to edit the pi configuration and add

dtoverlay=i2c-rtc,ds1307

to the end

Save it and run sudo reboot to start again. Log in and run sudo i2cdetect -y 1 to see the UU show up where 0x68 should be

Disable the "fake hwclock" which interferes with the 'real' hwclock

sudo apt-get remove fake-hwclock

sudo update-rc.d -f fake-hwclock remove

Start by editing a new service configuration

sudo nano /etc/conf.d/rtc-i2c

And paste in the following, then save:

# /etc/conf.d/rtc-i2c
CHIP="ds1307"
ADDRESS="0x68"
BUS="1"

Now create a new service file that will start/stop the real time clock manager

sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/rtc-i2c.service

# /lib/systemd/system/rtc-i2c.service

[Unit]
Description=Initialize i2c hardware RTC device driver
DefaultDependencies=no
Requires=systemd-modules-load.service
After=systemd-modules-load.service
Before=sysvinit.target
ConditionPathExists=/sys/class/i2c-adapter
Conflicts=shutdown.target

[Service]
Type=oneshot
RemainAfterExit=yes
EnvironmentFile=/etc/conf.d/rtc-i2c
ExecStart=/bin/sh -c "echo ${CHIP} ${ADDRESS} > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-${BUS}/new_device"

[Install]
WantedBy=sysinit.target

Enable the new service, so that it will always start with the Pi when it boots!

sudo systemctl enable rtc-i2c.service

That's it! Next time you boot the time will automatically be synced from the RTC module

Raspbian Wheezy or other pre-systemd Linux

 

First, load up the RTC module by running

sudo modprobe i2c-bcm2708
sudo modprobe i2c-dev
sudo modprobe rtc-ds1307

Then, as root (type in sudo bash) run

echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device

If you happen to have an old Rev 1 Pi, type in

echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-0/new_device

You can then type in exit to drop out of the root shell.

Then check the time with sudo hwclock -r which will read the time from the DS1307 module. If this is the first time the module has been used, it will report back Jan 1 2000, and you'll need to set the time

First you'll need to get the right time set on the Pi, the easiest way is to connect it up to Ethernet or Wifi - it will automatically set the time from the network. Once the time is correct (check with the date command), run sudo hwclock -w to write the system time to the RTC

You can then verify it with sudo hwclock -r

Next, you'll want to add the RTC kernel module to the /etc/modules list, so its loaded when the machine boots. Run sudo nano /etc/modules and add rtc-ds1307 at the end of the file (the image below says rtc-1307 but its a typo)

Older pre-Jessie raspbian is a little different. First up, you'll want to create the DS1307 device creation at boot, edit /etc/rc.local by running

sudo nano /etc/rc.local

and add:

echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-0/new_device (for v1 raspberry pi)
echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device (for v2 raspberry pi)
sudo hwclock -s (both versions)

before exit 0 (we forgot the hwclock -s part in the screenshot below)

That's it! Next time you boot the time will automatically be synced from the RTC module
Last updated on 2016-09-23 at 05.20.11 PM Published on 2012-08-31 at 01.19.59 PM