Arduino Wiring

Author Gravatar Image LADY ADA

Once you've gotten the GPS module tested with direct wiring, we can go forward and wire it up to a microcontroller. We'll be using an Arduino but you can adapt our code to any other microcontroller that can receive TTL serial at 9600 baud.

Connect VIN to +5V, GND to Ground, RX to digital 2 and TX to digital 3.

Next up, download the Adafruit GPS library. This library does a lot of the 'heavy lifting' required for receiving data from GPS modules, such as reading the streaming data in a background interrupt and auto-magically parsing it. To download it, visit the GitHub repository and click the DOWNLOADS button in the top right corner , rename the uncompressed folder Adafruit_GPS. Check that the Adafruit_GPS folder contains Adafruit_GPS.cpp and Adafruit_GPS.h

Leonardo Users: We have special example sketches in the Adafruit_GPS library that work with the Leo!

Place the Adafruit_GPS library folder your sketchbookfolder/libraries/ folder. You may need to create the libraries subfolder if its your first library. Restart the IDE. You can figure out your sketchbookfolder by opening up the Preferences tab in the Arduino IDE.

Open up the File→Examples→Adafruit_GPS→echo sketch and upload it to the Arduino. Then open up the serial monitor. This sketch simply reads data from the software serial port (pins 2&3) and outputs that to the hardware serial port connected to USB.

You can configure the output you see by commenting/uncommenting lines in the setup() procedure. For example, we can ask the GPS to send different sentences, and change how often it sends data. 10 Hz (10 times a second) is the max speed, and is a lot of data. You may not be able to output "all data" at that speed because the 9600 baud rate is not fast enough.

Copy Code
// You can adjust which sentences to have the module emit, below
 
  // uncomment this line to turn on RMC (recommended minimum) and GGA (fix data) including altitude
  GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_OUTPUT_RMCGGA);
  // uncomment this line to turn on only the "minimum recommended" data for high update rates!
  //GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_OUTPUT_RMCONLY);
  // uncomment this line to turn on all the available data - for 9600 baud you'll want 1 Hz rate
  //GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_OUTPUT_ALLDATA);
 
  // Set the update rate
  // 1 Hz update rate
  //GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_UPDATE_1HZ);
  // 5 Hz update rate- for 9600 baud you'll have to set the output to RMC or RMCGGA only (see above)
  GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_UPDATE_5HZ);
  // 10 Hz update rate - for 9600 baud you'll have to set the output to RMC only (see above)
  //GPS.sendCommand(PMTK_SET_NMEA_UPDATE_10HZ);
In general, we find that most projects only need the RMC and GGA NMEA's so you don't need ALLDATA unless you have some need to know satellite locations.
Last updated on 2014-04-23 at 06.04.58 PM Published on 2012-08-23 at 04.46.16 PM