It's easy to use the BNO08x with Python or CircuitPython, and the Adafruit CircuitPython BNO08x module. This module allows you to easily write Python code that reads humidity and temperature from the BNO08x sensor.

You can use this sensor with any CircuitPython microcontroller board or with a computer that has GPIO and Python thanks to Adafruit_Blinka, our CircuitPython-for-Python compatibility library.

CircuitPython I2C Wiring

First wire up a BNO08x to your board exactly as shown below. Here's an example of wiring a Feather M4 to the sensor with I2C using one of the handy STEMMA QT connectors:

  • Board 3V to sensor VIN (red wire)
  • Board GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Board SCL to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Board SDA to sensor SDA (blue wire)

You can also use the standard 0.100"/2.54mm pitch headers to wire it up on a breadboard:

  • Board 3V to sensor VIN (red wire)
  • Board GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Board SCL to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Board SDA to sensor SDA (blue wire)

CircuitPython UART Wiring

If you wish to use UART, you can enable the UART mode by pulling the P1 pin high and connecting the sensor to your RX and TX pins:

  • Board 3V to sensor VIN (red wire)
  • Board GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Board TX to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Board RX to sensor SDA (blue wire)
  • Board 3V to sensor P1 (purple wire)

Python Computer Wiring

Since there's dozens of Linux computers/boards you can use, we will show wiring for Raspberry Pi. For other platforms, please visit the guide for CircuitPython on Linux to see whether your platform is supported

Here's the Raspberry Pi wired to the sensor using I2C and a STEMMA QT connector:

  • Pi 3V to sensor VCC (red wire)
  • Pi GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Pi SCL to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Pi SDA to sensor SDA (blue wire)

Finally here is an example of how to wire up a Raspberry Pi to the sensor using a solderless breadboard

  • Pi 3V to sensor VCC (red wire)
  • Pi GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Pi SCL to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Pi SDA to sensor SDA (blue wire)

Python UART Wiring

If you wish to use UART, you can enable the UART mode by pulling the P1 pin high and connecting the sensor to your RX and TX pins:

  • Pi 3V3 to sensor VIN (red wire)
  • Pi GND to sensor GND (black wire)
  • Pi TX to sensor SCL (yellow wire)
  • Pi RX to sensor SDA (blue wire)
  • Pi 3V3 to sensor P1 (purple wire)

CircuitPython Installation of BNO08x Library

You'll need to install the Adafruit CircuitPython BNO08x library on your CircuitPython board.

First make sure you are running the latest version of Adafruit CircuitPython for your board.

Next you'll need to install the necessary libraries to use the hardware--carefully follow the steps to find and install these libraries from Adafruit's CircuitPython library bundle.  Our CircuitPython starter guide has a great page on how to install the library bundle.

Before continuing make sure your board's lib folder or root filesystem has the adafruit_BNO08x.mpy file and adafruit_bus_device folder copied over.

Next connect to the board's serial REPL so you are at the CircuitPython >>> prompt.

Python Installation of BNO08x Library

You'll need to install the Adafruit_Blinka library that provides the CircuitPython support in Python. This may also require enabling I2C on your platform and verifying you are running Python 3. Since each platform is a little different, and Linux changes often, please visit the CircuitPython on Linux guide to get your computer ready!

Once that's done, from your command line run the following command:

  • sudo pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-bno08x

If your default Python is version 3 you may need to run 'pip' instead. Just make sure you aren't trying to use CircuitPython on Python 2.x, it isn't supported!

CircuitPython & Python Usage

The examples below show an I2C connection displaying the Rotation Vector (Quaternion) report however there are many more that can be enabled. See the Report Types page for more information on the available reports

To demonstrate the usage of the sensor we'll initialize it and enable the Rotation Vector report type and display the readings using properties in the CircuitPython REPL

I2C Initialization

If you are using the I2C connection, run the following code to import the necessary modules and initialize the I2C connection with the sensor:

Download: file
import time
import board
import busio
import adafruit_bno08x
from adafruit_bno08x.i2c import BNO08X_I2C

i2c = busio.I2C(board.SCL, board.SDA, frequency=800000)
bno = BNO08X_I2C(i2c)

UART Initialization - CircuitPython

If you are using the UART connection with a board (like a Feather) running CircuitPython, create your sensor object as follows:

Download: file
import adafruit_bno08x
from adafruit_bno08x.uart import BNO08X_UART

import board
import busio
uart = busio.UART(board.TX, board.RX, baudrate=3000000, receiver_buffer_size=2048)

bno = BNO08X_UART(uart)

UART Initialization - Python

Check how you specific board supports UART and where the port entry is created and named. For the Raspberry Pi, this is done using the pyserial module and the UART used is /dev/serial0. Then you create your sensor object as follows:

Download: file
import adafruit_bno08x
from adafruit_bno08x.uart import BNO08X_UART

import serial
uart = serial.Serial("/dev/serial0", 115200)

bno = BNO08X_UART(uart)

Enable the Rotation Vector/Quaternion Report

Once the connection to the sensor is established we can enable one or more report types and the associated property

Download: file
bno.enable_feature(adafruit_bno08x.BNO_REPORT_ROTATION_VECTOR)

Now you're ready to read values from the sensor using the quaternion property. This is a 4-tuple of orientation quaternion values.

Download: file
print("Rotation Vector Quaternion:")
quat_i, quat_j, quat_k, quat_real = bno.quaternion
print(
  "I: %0.6f  J: %0.6f K: %0.6f  Real: %0.6f" % (quat_i, quat_j, quat_k, quat_real)
)

Example Code

# SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020 Bryan Siepert, written for Adafruit Industries
#
# SPDX-License-Identifier: Unlicense
import time
import board
import busio
from adafruit_bno08x import (
    BNO_REPORT_ACCELEROMETER,
    BNO_REPORT_GYROSCOPE,
    BNO_REPORT_MAGNETOMETER,
    BNO_REPORT_ROTATION_VECTOR,
)
from adafruit_bno08x.i2c import BNO08X_I2C

i2c = busio.I2C(board.SCL, board.SDA, frequency=800000)
bno = BNO08X_I2C(i2c)

bno.enable_feature(BNO_REPORT_ACCELEROMETER)
bno.enable_feature(BNO_REPORT_GYROSCOPE)
bno.enable_feature(BNO_REPORT_MAGNETOMETER)
bno.enable_feature(BNO_REPORT_ROTATION_VECTOR)

while True:

    time.sleep(0.5)
    print("Acceleration:")
    accel_x, accel_y, accel_z = bno.acceleration  # pylint:disable=no-member
    print("X: %0.6f  Y: %0.6f Z: %0.6f  m/s^2" % (accel_x, accel_y, accel_z))
    print("")

    print("Gyro:")
    gyro_x, gyro_y, gyro_z = bno.gyro  # pylint:disable=no-member
    print("X: %0.6f  Y: %0.6f Z: %0.6f rads/s" % (gyro_x, gyro_y, gyro_z))
    print("")

    print("Magnetometer:")
    mag_x, mag_y, mag_z = bno.magnetic  # pylint:disable=no-member
    print("X: %0.6f  Y: %0.6f Z: %0.6f uT" % (mag_x, mag_y, mag_z))
    print("")

    print("Rotation Vector Quaternion:")
    quat_i, quat_j, quat_k, quat_real = bno.quaternion  # pylint:disable=no-member
    print(
        "I: %0.6f  J: %0.6f K: %0.6f  Real: %0.6f" % (quat_i, quat_j, quat_k, quat_real)
    )
    print("")

This guide was first published on Oct 14, 2020. It was last updated on Oct 14, 2020.

This page (Python & CircuitPython) was last updated on Nov 06, 2020.